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Israel: From British Promise, to Breach of their Mandate - Balfour 1917 to White Paper 1939
#1
What was the Balfour Declaration 1917?:
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Quote:“The Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government during World War I announcing support for the establishment of a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine, then an Ottoman region [...]
The declaration was contained in a letter dated 2 November 1917 from the United Kingdom’s Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Lord Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland”.

Extract source: 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balfour_Declaration
 
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Text of the Balfour Declaration 1917:
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Quote:Foreign Office
November 2nd, 1917
 
Dear Lord Rothschild,
I have much pleasure in conveying to you. on behalf of His Majesty’s Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet
His Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.
I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.
Yours,
Arthur James Balfour
 
Source:
https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/tex...eclaration
 
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Note:
When referring to the Balfour Declaration on “Palestine”, it is advisable to always quote the year “1917, because there was a later unrelated Balfour Declaration of 1926!
 
 
What British and allied military successes were significant in leading to the timing of the Balfour Declaration 1917?
The Battle of Beersheba commenced the British “Southern Palestine Offensive” of the Sinai and Palestine campaign against the Ottoman empire in “Palestine”, of World War I; its success leading to subsequent British and allied victories at Hareira and Sheria. The period of military campaign in “Palestine” of 31 October 1917 to 7 November 1917 commencing with the battle of Beersheba, was won by the British Empire’s “Egyptian Expeditionary Force” (EEF), the “Anzac Mounted Division” (“Desert Mounted Corps”), and the British Army’s “XX Corps”:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_...eba_(1917)
 
How far had British and allied forces advanced against Ottoman forces within the land of Israel, at the time of the Balfour Declaration 1917?:
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Quote:“[...] On November 2nd, 1917, two days after the conquest [by British and allied forces from Ottoman Turkish forces] of Beersheba, the [British] Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour wrote what he called a declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations. This was to become a most crucial document in the history of Palestine [the Land of Israel].
 
The key sentence was:
‘His Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people’.
 
News of the Balfour Declaration found the British forces advancing northward. By November 15th, [1917] Jaffa had fallen, and the troops turned eastward toward the Judean mountains. [...]”
 
Extract source:
Israel Television 1986, “Pillar of Fire” documentary, Chapter One:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qjBSmqgkbxE
 
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Balfour Declaration 1917 written into the Mandate document 1922:
The wording of the Balfour Declaration 1917 was written into the Mandate document for the Mandate subsequently in 1922 awarded by the League of Nations (later the United Nations) to Great Britain.
League of Nations Mandate document (English):
https://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/palmanda.asp
 
Why different provisions for the “Palestinian” Jews compared to the “Palestinian” Arabs?:
Why after promising a national home for the Jewish people, did the Mandate document follow with a provision different for the “existing non-Jewish communities” (the Arabs) compared with that for the Jews?
Both the Balfour Declaration 1917 and the British Mandate document 1922, quote:
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Quote:“[...] it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine [...]”
 
Extract source:
https://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/palmanda.asp
 
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Reasons:
Firstly, League of Nations Mandates were for developing the Mandate territory for the benefit of its native people:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_of_Nations_mandate
 
Secondly, the Jews were considered native to the land, while at the time it was well-known the Arabs in the land mostly originated from Foreign-Arab-Migrant-Workers:
i)
https://richardmatherblog.wordpress.com/2015/05/
ii)
http://theettingerreport.com/arab-migrat...n-society/
iii)
https://www.meforum.org/6275/were-the-ar...-palestine
iv)
https://www.meforum.org/522/the-smoking-...-palestine
 
 
Mandates were Administered on behalf of the League of Nations (later the United Nations):
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Quote:The Mandatories, as opposed to colonial authorities, administered the territories in accordance with the terms of the mandate and on behalf of the League of Nations. [...]
 
Extract source:
Page 70, Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, edited by Armin Von Bogdandy, Rüdiger Wolfrum, Christiane E. Philipp.
Saved to:
https://www.mediafire.com/file/hjjtefiac...w.pdf/file
 
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British breach of their Mandate:
The British never put into action the promise in their “Balfour Declaration of 1917”, nor as their legal obligation as repeated in the wording of the Mandate document:
to (re)establish a Jewish “home” [state] in the land.
 
Since therefore the Balfour Declaration 1917 was written into the Mandate document, Great Britain could not legally remain in compliance with their Mandate without allowing Jewish immigration (Jewish returnee exiles - the land of Israel being the ancestral homeland of the Jewish people) into British Mandate Palestine.
 
The Arabs commenced rioting 1936 to 1939:
https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/...-1936-1939
 
The Arab rioting of 1936 lead to a change of policy by the British under their White Paper of May 1939, which was from allowing Jewish immigration, to instead:
Limiting Jewish immigration while allowing Arab immigration:
https://www.historycentral.com/Israel/19...Paper.html
 
Therefore from 1939 when the British changed policy to favour the Arabs, and ceased to be in compliance with their Mandate, the British became in “Palestine” an illegal colonial regime.
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#2
(11-11-2021, 09:38 PM)Robert Wrote: ...What British and allied military successes were significant in leading to the timing of the Balfour Declaration 1917?
The Battle of Beersheba commenced the British “Southern Palestine Offensive” of the Sinai and Palestine campaign against the Ottoman empire in “Palestine”, of World War I; its success leading to subsequent British and allied victories at Hareira and Sheria. The period of military campaign in “Palestine” of 31 October 1917 to 7 November 1917 commencing with the battle of Beersheba, was won by the British Empire’s “Egyptian Expeditionary Force” (EEF)...

Historical detective work isn't always that easy. One has to take into account that Turkey took sides with Germany and surrounding Bulgaria of which led to a significant defeat for mostly the colonial armed forces regiments representing British interests, two years prior to the conception of the Balfour Declaration:

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-d...ions-fail/

Britain's allowing the expulsion of Arabs from this disputed territory would certainly have angered those Arabs who would otherwise have allied with Britain in dissolving the Ottoman Empire.
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#3
(11-12-2021, 06:32 AM)Alan_Boskov Wrote:
(11-11-2021, 09:38 PM)Robert Wrote: ...What British and allied military successes were significant in leading to the timing of the Balfour Declaration 1917?
The Battle of Beersheba commenced the British “Southern Palestine Offensive” of the Sinai and Palestine campaign against the Ottoman empire in “Palestine”, of World War I; its success leading to subsequent British and allied victories at Hareira and Sheria. The period of military campaign in “Palestine” of 31 October 1917 to 7 November 1917 commencing with the battle of Beersheba, was won by the British Empire’s “Egyptian Expeditionary Force” (EEF)...

[...] Turkey took sides with Germany and surrounding Bulgaria of which led to a significant defeat for mostly the colonial armed forces regiments representing British interests, two years prior to the conception of the Balfour Declaration:

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-d...ions-fail/

Britain's allowing the expulsion of Arabs from this disputed territory would certainly have angered those Arabs who would otherwise have allied with Britain in dissolving the Ottoman Empire.

The objective of my discussion is specific, for providing information relating to the Balfour Declaration 1917, subsequent related British policy, and to provide information on the military background immediate to its issuance. The information to which you refer, while important, appears to be about events previous and not immediate, to the issuance of the British Declaration.

There is no evidence of any policy by the Jews / Israel to expel any Arabs, whether "allowed" by the British or not. 
The "Palestinian" Arab falsehood propaganda of a Jewish expulsion of Arabs devoid as it always is of objective historical evidence, constitutes reverse-fact propaganda, since the objective of the Arab civil war which intensified 1947 and of the subsequent invasion in support by surrounding Arab countries, was primarily with the expulsion or murder of the Jewish population in mind.
I've discussed that issue here: 
https://www.thehebrewcafe.com/forum/showthread.php?tid=794&pid=5291 - pid5291
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#4
Jewish Legion Veterans 1917-1921 protest the 1939 White Paper:

ירושלים_-_תהלוכת_הפגנה_נגד_"הספר_הלבן".-JNF035417.jpeg (600×408) (wikimedia.org)
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